Stroke is one of the leading causes of permanent disability worldwide. While there are a lot of physical therapies used to recover from this condition, still, there is no definite cure for stroke.
However, the latest discoveries in medical science confirmed the effectiveness of dental pulp stem cells to help stroke patients recover. Dental pulp stem cells alleviate stroke conditions due to their capacity to stimulate and reprogram brain cells.
Experts deemed that dental pulp stem cells are the best alternative to neural stem cells for treating stroke.
But what is a dental pulp stem cell?
This type of stem cell is found on the root canal of your tooth. Since dental pulp cells lie on ectomesenchymal tissue, they are considered multipotent mesenchymal or stem/stromal cells.
According to a press statement released by the International Society for Cellular Therapy in 2006, dental pulp stem cell is effective in helping stroke patients since they are capable of establishing a plastic adherence under standard culture conditions. Also, this type of cell intuitively distinguishes chondrogenic, adipogenic, and osteogenic lineages when present in an inductive media.
Dental pulp stem cells are usually compared to adipose tissue and bone marrow due to its spindle-like morphology.
How Dental Pulp Stem Cells Help Stroke Patients
Based on studies, dental pulp stem cells release a tremendous amount of growth factors, including neurotrophins and cytokines, which boost angiogenesis (formation of new blood vessels). Also, dental pulp stem cells are precursors to the rapid production of endogenous cells (self-renewing cells).
Aside from the dental pulp stem cells, several other dental stem cells were also identified. These includes dental stem cells from exfoliated deciduous teeth, stem cells from permanent but immature teeth, tooth germs stem cells, and other stem cells found in the oral cavity. But despite these selections of dental stem cells, the use of dental pulp stem cells is preferred by doctors around the world. Why? Due to their efficiency. In just a matter of four weeks, the stroke patient can experience a drastic improvement if he or she undergoes a dental pulp stem cell treatment.
The following are some of the benefits from undergoing a pulp stem cell treatment.